“What the Bible Teaches”
(Nine Week Introductory Discipleship Series)
Table of Contents
(click page number for
individual session pages)
(click page number for individual session pages)
Session Title Page
One “What the Bible Teaches About Itself” 2
Two “What the Bible Teaches About the Trinity” 4
Three “What the Bible Teaches About the Holy Spirit” 6
Four “What the Bible Teaches About Mankind” 8
Five “What the Bible Teaches About Salvation” 10
Six “What the Bible Teaches About Ordinances” 12
Seven “What the Bible Teaches About Church” 14
Nine “What the Bible Teaches About the End of the Age” 19
Session One: “What the Bible Teaches About Itself”
1. Three words
2. First, Let’s look at Revelation.
How did God choose to reveal Himself?
1st through creation – Romans 1:19-22
2nd through conscience – Romans 2:15
3rd through Christ – John 14:8-9
4th through the Bible – II Timothy 3:16
3. Next Comes Inspiration.
Six Theories of inspiration are:
I Verbal, Plenary – (full inspiration)
Infallible, inerrant – original autographs
O.T. written in Hebrew
N.T. written in Greek
II Dictation Theory
The writers were merely stenographers.
III Concept Theory
God supplied the concept but not the words.
IV Partial Theory
Part of the Bible inspired (Salvation truth, etc.)
V Neo-Orthodox Theory
True only as realized by the reader
VI Naturalistic Theory
An extreme view of unbelief. Bible no different than any other work of literature.
The principles that need to be followed in interpreting the Bible are:
A. The purpose of the Bible as a whole.
(Not a book of science or history, as such)
B. The particular message of each book of the Bible.
C. To whom addressed?
D. The context (verses before and after a particular verse).
E. Similar teachings elsewhere in the Bible.
F. Accurate exegesis of the words of a particular text.
G. Guard against prejudice.
5. The Evidence (or proof) that the Bible is inspired.
A. The evidence is twofold:
B. Internal Evidence
I Jesus declared it. (Matt. 5:17-18, Mark , Luke 16:17, John 2:22)
II Other N.T. scriptures declare it.
Acts 17:11, Romans 10:17, Revelation 1:2, II Timothy 3:15-17, II Peter 3:15-16
III Old Testament Prophecy (Deuteronomy 18:21-22)
(No other religious writing contains prophecy.)
C. External Evidence
I Manuscript Evidence
Session Two: “What the Bible Teaches About the Trinity”
The Persons of the Trinity, while having equal attributes, differ in certain properties. Hence, the first Person of the Trinity is called the Father. The second Person of the Trinity is called the Son and is sent forth by the Father. The third Person of the Trinity is the Holy Spirit, who is sent forth by the Father and the Son. The order is never reversed, that is, the Son never sends the Father and the Holy Spirit never sends the Son. In the nature of the uniqueness of the Godhead, there is no illustration or parallel in human experience. Thus, the doctrine should be accepted by faith on the basis of scriptural revelation even if it is beyond human comprehension.
1. The work of the Trinity:
A. The Father – electing, loving, bestowing
B. The Son – suffering, redeeming, upholding
C. The Holy Spirit – regenerating, indwelling, baptizing, energizing and sanctifying
2. The concept of the godhead (Trinity)
3. Doctrinal Errors Concerning god
A. Monotheism – (Judaism – Islam)
B. Polytheism – Many gods (idol worship)
C. Pantheism – God is All (Eastern religions)
D. Atheism – No god exists (Humanism)
4. The New
A. A Father who is God – Romans 1:7
B. A Son who is God – Hebrews 1:8
C. A Holy Spirit who is God – Acts 5:3-4
The Father is all the fullness of the Godhead invisible.
The Son is all the fullness of the godhead visible.
The Holy Spirit is all the fullness of the Godhead acting upon the person.
5. The BAptism of Jesus provides us a look at the distinctions in the trinity
6. the BAptismal formula
7. Old Testament Evidence of the Trinity.
The many indications in both Old and New Testaments that God exists or subsists as a triune being have made the doctrine of the Trinity a central fact of all Orthodox creeds from the early church until modern times. Any departure from this is considered a departure from scriptural truth. Although the word “Trinity” does not occur in the Bible, the facts of scriptural revelation permit no other explanation.
Session Three: “What the Bible Teaches About the Holy Spirit”
1. The Holy Spirit
Third person of the Trinity
Attributes – same as the Father and the Son
Work – Regeneration
Work – Indwelling
Work – Baptizing
Work – Sealing
Work – Filling (control)
2. The Holy spirit is a person.
A. He teaches (1 John )
B. He speaks (Galatians 4:6)
C. He intercedes (Romans )
D. He leads (Romans )
E. He appoints others (Acts 13:2)
F. He may be: lied to, insulted, grieved.
3. The Work of the holy spirit.
A. To the lost – Conviction (John 16:8)
B. To the Saved – Regeneration
Once for all at conversion
Filling (Control – as often as needed
4. the instant work of the holy spirit
A. Regeneration – New Birth
Titus 3:5; John 3:6
B. Indwelling – Energizing for service
C. Sealing – Security
Ephesians 1:13; II Corinthians 1:22
D. Baptizing – Identified with and into the Body of Christ.
5. The reoccuring work of the holy Spirit
His Filling or Control
A. The filling (control) defined
B. The Conditions for the filling of the Holy Spirit
I Grieve not – Ephesians 4:30
II Quench not – I Thessalonians 5:19
III Walk in – Galatians 5:16
IV Yield to – Romans 12:1-2
C. The result of the filling (Control) of the Holy Spirit.
I Fruit – Galatians 5:22-23
II Service – Ephesians 2:10
III Doctrine – John 16:12-15, I Corinthians 2:9-10
6. doctrinal errors concerning the HOly spirit
A. Subsequent works of the Holy Spirit apart from salvation
(At a later time) John 3:34, Ephesians 1:3
Such as: Sanctification
Baptism of the Holy Ghost
Speaking in Tongues
B. Losing the Holy Spirit
To be lost again, after being saved
7. Gifts of the Holy Spirit
A. Permanent – I Corinthians 12:1, Romans 12:6-8
Evangelist, Pastor/Teacher, Helps, Administration, Exhortation, Giving, Teaching, Showing Mercy, Faith
B. Temporary – I Corinthians 13:8-11
Prophecy, Miracle Gifts, Healing, Tongues, Interpretation
Session Four: “What the Bible Teaches About Mankind”
1. The bible reveals 3 categories of mankind
A. The Natural Man
B. The Carnal Man
C. The Spiritual Man
2. The Natural Man
A. Spiritually dead – Ephesians 2:1
B. Adamic Nature – Romans 5:12-14
C. Spiritually Blinded – I Corinthians and 23
D. He can be morally good or vile and wicked
3. The CArnal man
A. Spiritually Alive – I Corinthians 3:1
B. Weak and willful – I Corinthians 3:3
The carnal man being so little occupied with the true spiritual meat, yields to envy and strife, which leads to division among the very believers.
4. The Spiritual man
A. Spiritually empowered – Ephesians 5:18
B. By Faith, not by feelings – Hebrews 11:6
C. Yielded – Romans 12:1-2
A. Body – World Consciousness
B. Soul – Self Consciousness
C. Spirit – God Consciousness – Hebrews 4:12
However, man is born spiritually dead and must be regenerated by the Holy Spirit before he is alive spiritually.
6. The Two Headships of Mankind
7. The Human body
The Bodies of the Saved are declared to be:
B. Earthen Vessels – II Corinthians 4:7
C. Under Subjection – I Corinthians
D. Glorified – Philippians 3:20-21 (future)
Session Five: “What the Bible Teaches About Salvation”
1. Before we consider salvation proper, let’s look at the object of salvation – the lost.
A. God’s estimate of the Lost.
I John 3:16-20
II John 3:36
III John 8:44
IV Mark 7:21-23
V I Corinthians 2:14
VI Romans 3:10-18
VII Ephesians 2:2
VIII Colossians 1:13
IX O.T. Jeremiah 17:9
These conditions demand a superhuman power for their cure.
2. The Three tenses of salvation.
A. Past - Justification
B. Present - Sanctification
C. Future - Glorification
3. Salvation Past
A. Justification – Regeneration.
B. Saved from the PENALTY and guilt of our sin. Genesis 2:17
C. Our Position – Ephesians 1:4
D. Received by Faith – Ephesians 2:8-9
4. Salvation Present
A. Sanctification – John 17:17
B. Saved from the power of sin – Romans 8:2
C. Our practice (walk) – I Corinthians 3 Galatians 5:22
5. SAlvation Future
A. Glorification – I Peter 1:3-5
B. Saved from the PRESENCE of Sin. – Ephesians 5:27
6. the one condition of salvation
A. The word Believe is used about 150 times in the N.T.
and is NEVER related to any human work or merit.
B. Repentance is included in the act of believing. It is a grace also. Acts , Acts 5:31, John 6:44
C. Unscriptural additions to salvation include:
- The Sacraments – Romanism
- Baptism –
- Works – Cults and some main line denominations
- Liberal Theology – (Same as universalism).
Session Six: “What the Bible Teaches About the Ordinances”
1. The Ordinances of the Church - Only TWO are universally recognized.
A. Baptism –
- Administered only once.
B. The Lord’s Supper – communion with Christ.
- “…As oft as ye do this…”
- administered on a reoccurring basis.
C. Foot Washing – used by many groups but not Biblically commanded.
A good definition of baptism is…”to be identified with.”
- Three types of baptism are mentioned in the New Testament.
A. Baptism of Fire – (Suffering) - Matthew 20:22-23
B. Baptism of the Holy Spirit- Mark 1:8; John 1:33; I Corinthians (every Christian)
C. Baptism in water……….Matthew
Two Views: Supernatural
3. Water BAptism
A. Who is to be baptized – N.T. Examples?
I Acts 8:35-39 (v. 37)
II Acts 16:30-34 (v. 31) – To follow conversion.
B. Who is not to be baptized?
C. What method of baptism?
I Affusion – (Pouring or sprinkling)
- This method is used by most mainline denominations and Roman Catholics.
- This method is used by Baptists and is the universally accepted method used by the first century church.
While baptism is not essential for salvation, only immersion can give a proper picture of what takes place in salvation, i.e. the death, burial and resurrection of Christ and our identity with Him.
4. The Lord’s supper
A. Instituted on the night before the crucifixion of Christ.
B. Symbolic of the believer’s participation in the benefits of His death.
C. Who is to participate?
- Believers, after self-examination – I Corinthians 11:28
D. Doctrinal Errors.
I Transubstantiation – (Roman Catholic)
- Body and Blood of Christ are actually in the elements.
II Consubstantiation – (Lutheran)
- The presence of the body of Christ is in both elements.
E. How often should the Lord’s Supper be observed?
- The scripture is silent on this subject, or at least not clearly given. In any case, it should not be infrequent.
Session Seven: “What the Bible Teaches About the Church”
1. What the Church is not!
A. Not a physical structure
B. Not a state or national church
C. Not a denomination
2. What the Church is:
A. A Body (Gk. Soma) – I Corinthians 12:12-14, Colossians 1:18
B. A Bride – Ephesians 5:31-32, II Corinthians 11:2 (Oriental Wedding)
C. A Building – Ephesians 2:19-22, I Peter 2:4-7
D. A Branch – John 15:15
The Church is also seen as a Sheepfold and as a Priesthood.
- Taken from two Hebrew words “called out” and “assembly” and translated in the Greek Old Testament (the Septuagint) by the word “Ekklesia”.
The first appearance of the word “Ekklesia” in the New Testament is found in Matthew 16:18 when Jesus said…”I will build my church.”
4. The local/universal Church:
A. Local – Acts 8:1
B. Universal – Ephesians 1:22-23
5. The literal/symbolic church:
A. Literal – Acts
B. Symbolic ‑ Colossians
6. The work of the Church:
A. Edification – Ephesians 4:11-12
II Prayer (corporate)
B. Evangelism – Matthew 28:19-20
I Live as examples of the believer
II Verbal witness
IV Follow-up – nurture
V Ministries of Outreach
7. the separation of church and state:
A. The church – Free to worship without any intervention from the state.
B. The state – Not to establish any laws regarding the free exercise of worship.
- NOT freedom from God, but freedom of worship.
8. The organization of the church:
A. Local and Autonomous
Baptists do not believe in a hierarchy, such as all mainline denominations and Roman Catholics. Each congregation owns its own property and conducts its own affairs.
B. Church Leaders
I Pastor (synonymous with Elder, Bishop)
Session Eight: “The Local Church and it’s Government”
1. The Local Assembly / Autonomous
E. Church Covenant
F. Various Forms of Church Government
* for a history of our local congregation log on to www.firstbaptistchurchclifton.org
2. Local ASsociation
A. Director of Missions
C. Annual Meetings
C. Annual Convention Meeting - November
4. Southern Baptist Convention
A. Convention President elected annually
C. Annual Convention Meeting - June
Session Nine: “What the Bible Teaches About the End of the Age”
1. What is Eschatology?
2. What is a MIllennium?
3. Three BAsic views of Eschatology.
4. What is “The Rapture”?
5. Three basic views on the rapture question:
* (A new view) *
6. The effect of biblical interpretation on Eschatology.
7. What do Baptists believe?
- Why the change?
Bancroft, Emery H., Elemental Theology (Grand Rapids, MI, Zondervan, 1977)
Barnes, Albert, Barnes Notes “The Gospels” (
Calvin, John, Calvin’s Commentaries: Vol. XVII
Dockery, David, The Holman Guide to Interpreting the
Elwell, Walter A., Evangelical Dictionary of Theology (Grand Rapids, MI, Baker Books, 1997)
Erickson, Millard, Introducing Christian Doctrine, 2nd
Erickson, Millard, Whose Tampering with the Trinity
Evans, William, The Great Doctrines of the Bible (Chicago, IL, Moody Press, 1974)
Grudem, Wayne, Systematic Theology (Grand Rapids, MI, Zondervan, 1994)
Hodge, Charles, Systematic Theology (Phillipsburg, NJ, P & R Publishing, 1997)
MacArthur, John Jr., The Gospel According to Jesus (Grand Rapids, MI, Zondervan, 1994)
MacArthur, John Jr., The MacArthur New Testament Commentary: Matthew 24-28 (Winona, IN, BMH Books, 1989)
MacArthur, John, Charismatic Chaos (Grand Rapids, MI, Zondervan, 1992)
Stott, John R.W., Basic Christianity (Downer’s Grove, IL, Inter Varsity Press, 1971)
Warfield, Benjamin B., Revelation and Inspiration (
in its wider sense includes all modes in which God makes Himself known to men
or passively, all knowledge concerning God however attained, inasmuch as it is
conceived that all such knowledge is, in one way or another, wrought in time. –
Benjamin B. Warfield, Revelation and Inspiration (
 By the inspiration of Scripture we mean that supernatural influence of the Holy Spirit upon the Scripture writers which rendered their writing an accurate record of the revelation of which resulted in what they wrote actually being the Word of God. – Millard Erickson, Introducing Christian Doctrine, 2nd Edition (Grand Rapids, MI, Baker Academic, 2007) page 61
 The task of Interpretation or “Hermeneutics” is to discover the meaning of the text in its proper setting: to draw meaning from Scripture rather than reading one’s presuppositions into it. – John MacArthur, Charismatic Chaos (Grand Rapids, MI, Zondervan, 1992) page 103
 …We must ground our interpretations of Scripture in the
original, intended meanings of the text and then must ground theological
reflection, and the resulting application and communication, in sound
interpretation. – David Dockery, The Holman
Guide to Interpreting the Bible (
 It is important to remember, however, that “each member
of the Godhead is equally God, each is eternally God, and each is fully God –
not three Gods but three persons of the one Godhead.” He [Bruce Ware]
emphasizes that each is equal in essence; in fact, “each possesses fully the
identically same, eternal divine nature, yet each is also an eternal and
distinct personal expression of the one undivided divine nature.” – Millard
Erickson, Whose Tampering with the
Trinity [Bruce A. Ware, (Father,
Son and Holy Spirit: Relationships, Rules and Relevance)] (
 The progressive character of divine revelation is recognized in relation to all the great doctrines of the Bible. One of the strongest arguments for the divine origin of the Scripture is the organic relation of its several parts. They comprise more than sixty books written by different men in different ages, and yet they form one whole. This unity is not a matter merely of external historical relations, nor of a general identity of subjects treated, but of internal organic development. All that is in the full-grown tree was potentially in the seed. All that we find unfolded in the fullness of the gospel lies in a rudimental form in the earliest books of the Bible. – Charles Hodge, Systematic Theology (Phillipsburg, NJ, P & R Publishing, 1997) page 168
 The visible creation makes the personality of God the Father somewhat easy to conceive, the incarnation makes it almost, if not altogether, impossible to disbelieve in the personality of Jesus Christ; but the acts and workings of the Holy Spirit are so secret and mystical, so much is said of His influence, graces, power and gifts, that we are prone to think of Him as an influence, a power, a manifestation or influence of the divine nature, an agent rather than a Person – William Evans, The Great Doctrines of the Bible (Chicago, IL, Moody Press, 1974) pages 107-108
 Trichotomy: The view that man is made of three parts (body, soul, spirit) is called trichotomy. According to many trichotomists, man’s soul includes his intellect, his emotions, and his will. – Wayne Grudem, Systematic Theology (Grand Rapids, MI, Zondervan, 1994) page 472
 *Alternate View* - Dichotomy: The view that man is made up of two parts (body and soul/spirit) is called dichotomy. Those who hold this view often agree that Scripture uses the word spirit (Heb. Rûach, and Gk. Pneuma) more frequently when referring to our relationship to God, but such usage (they say) is not uniform, and the word soul is also used in all the ways that spirit can be used. – Wayne Grudem, Ibid
 He [John] shows that enjoyment consists in faith; and not
without reason, since by means of it we possess Christ, who brings along with
him both righteousness and life, which is the fruit of righteousness. When
faith in Christ is declared to be the cause of life, we learn from it that life
is to be found in Christ alone, and that in no other way do we become partakers
of it than by the grace of Christ himself.
– John Calvin, Calvin’s Commentaries: Vol. XVII (
 It is a remarkable commendation of faith, that it freed us from everlasting destruction. For he intended expressly to state that, though we appear to have been born to death, undoubted deliverance is offered to us by the faith of Christ; and, therefore, that we ought not to fear death, which otherwise hangs over us.” “…we live, because God loves us freely by not imputing to us our sins.” – John Calvin, Ibid. pages 124-125
 Certain aspects of the doctrine of salvation relate to
the matter of one’s standing with God. … The individual’s legal status must be
changed from guilty to not guilty. … There also is a progressive alteration of
the individual’s spiritual condition; one actually becomes holier. …
Sanctification finally comes to completion in the life beyond death, when the
spiritual nature of the believer will be perfected. – Millard
Erickson, Introducing Christian
Doctrine, 2nd Edition (
 When Jesus said, “It is finished,” he meant it. Nothing can be added to what he did. Many people believe they must supplement his work with good deeds of their own. They believe they must facilitate their own redemption through baptism, other sacraments and religious rituals, benevolent deeds, or whatever else they can accomplish through their own efforts. But no works of human righteousness can expand on what Jesus accomplished for us (Titus 3:5). The beginning and the end of our salvation was consummated by Jesus Christ, and we can contribute nothing. – John MacArthur, Jr., The Gospel According to Jesus (Grand Rapids, MI, Zondervan, 1994) page 242
 Universalism: A belief which affirms that in the fullness of time all souls will be released from the penalties of sin and restored to God. Historically known as Apokatastasis, final salvation denies the biblical doctrine of eternal punishment and is based on a faulty reading of Acts 3:21; Romans 5:18-19; Ephesians 1:9-10; 1 Corinthians 15:22 and other passages. - Walter A. Elwell, Evangelical Dictionary of Theology (Grand Rapids, MI, Baker Books, 1997) page 1128
 Christ gave a command perpetually binding on His Church to baptize men “in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.”…According to this formula, he who receives baptism as a Christian rite thereby professes to stand in that relation to the Father, Son, and Spirit which those who receive the religion of Christ sustain. – Charles Hodge, Systematic Theology, page 483
 Baptism of Fire: This
expression has been variously understood. Some have supposed that John refers
to the afflictions and persecutions with which men would be tried under the
Gospel; others, that word fire means judgment or wrath. . – Albert
Barnes, Barnes Notes “The Gospels”,
 Baptism of the Holy Spirit: The Scriptures make mention of only one Baptism of the Holy Spirit, while the infilling of the Spirit is not confined to a single experience, but may be repeated times without number. There need be no long searching before receiving this. It may occur at conversion, and it is to be sought afresh in each new emergency or act of service. – Emery H. Bancroft, Elemental Theology, (Grand Rapids, MI, Zondervan, 1977) pages 221-222
 By looking backward into history, it is a celebration and reminder of His suffering and death. Because our memory is short, the memorial supper symbolizes His body broken for us by means of the bread, and as we sip of the fruit of the vine we partake of the blood shed for the establishment of a new covenant. But the supper looks forward as well as backward as a prophecy and promise of His coming as we “show forth the Lord’s death till He comes.” Lastly, Paul reminds us that in the present we participate in the memorial meal only after we “judge ourselves that we be not judged.” – Emery H. Bancroft, Elemental Theology (Grand Rapids, MI, Zondervan, 1977) page 311
 Transubstantiation: The theory accepted by
 Consubstantiation: While some have used the term consubstantiation to denote Luther’s concept that body and bread are concurrently present, that blood and wine coexist, it was not Luther’s term. While he rejected transubstantiation and the sacrifice of the Mass, he still believed that Christ is bodily present in the Lord’s Supper and that his body is received by all who partake of the elements. – Millard Erickson, Introducing Christian Doctrine, 2nd Edition (Grand Rapids, MI, Baker Academic, 2007) page 364
 …it is no good supposing that membership of the universal
 The Great Commission is a command to bring unbelievers throughout the world to a saving knowledge of Jesus Christ, and the term the Lord uses in this commissioning is make disciples. … Jesus’ supreme command, therefore, is for those who are His disciples to become His instruments for making disciples of all nations. … Those who become His disciples are themselves to become disciple makers. The mission of the early church was to make disciples (see Acts 2:47; 14:21), and that is still Christ’s mission for His Church. – John MacArthur Jr., The MacArthur New Testament Commentary: Matthew 24-28 (Winona, IN, BMH Books, 1989) page 341
 The phrase “separation of church and state” does not
appear anywhere in the Constitution. Thomas Jefferson wrote that the 1st
Amendment erected a “wall of separation” between the church and the state
(James Madison said it “drew a line,” but it is
 Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government fro a redress of grievances. – U.S Constitution, 1st Amendment
 Indian Creek Baptist Association was organized in 1837.
At the time that the Indian Creek Association was organized there were seven
churches located in
 The first effort to organize a state convention in
 The roots of the Southern Baptist denomination go back to
the Reformation in
By 1644, due to the efforts of Thomas Helwys
and John Smyth, 50 Baptist churches were already established in
By the mid eighteenth century the number of
Baptists increased greatly as a result of the Great Awakening pioneered by
Johathan Edwards. In 1755 Shubael Stearns began to spread his Baptist belief in
In the late 1700’s and early 1800’s as Baptists began to organize and expand, they formed missionary societies to spread the Christian lifestyle to others These mission societies eventually led to other organizational structures that would define and make a denomination of Southern Baptists. By the 1830’s tension began to mount between the Northern and Southern Baptists. One issue that severely divided the Baptists was slavery. Northern Baptists believed God would not condone treating one race as superior to another while Southerners said that God intended for races to be separate. Southern state Baptists began complaining that they weren’t receiving money for mission work. The Home Mission Society declared that a person could not be a missionary and wish to keep his slaves as property. As a result of this division, Baptists in the south met in May of 1845 and organized the Southern Baptist Convention. – Mary Fairchild, A Brief History of the Southern Baptist Denomination, www.christianity.about.com/of/denominations/a/ baptisthistory.htm, September 17, 2010
 The major result of Christ’s second coming, from the standpoint of individual eschatology, is the resurrection. This is the basis for the believer’s hope in the face of death. Although death is inevitable, the believer anticipates being delivered from its power. – Millard Erickson, Introducing Christian Doctrine, 2nd Edition (Grand Rapids, MI, Baker Academic, 2007) page 388